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Pest World For Kids

Voles

Did you know? Voles typically live about 3-6 months.

Voles

Voles

Voles are small rodents and are frequently referred to as meadow mice or field mice. They typically live about 3-6 months and there are about 70 species of voles. They have blunt noses, small furry ears, dense brown fur and a tail with no fur.

  • Size: 3" to 7" long
  • Shape: Mouse
  • Color: Brown
  • Legs: 4
  • Wings: No
  • Antenna: No
  • Common Name: Vole
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Rodentia
  • Family: Cricetidae

Diet:

The vole's diet consists of seeds, tubers, tree needles, bark, various green vegetation such as grass and clover, and insects. Voles prefer not to feed in the open.

Habitat:

Voles require dense grass cover and prefer to live outside in fields. They are very poor climbers and have difficulty reaching upper floors of buildings.

Impact:

Voles are very destructive to gardens and will gnaw the bark of fruit trees. They can also cause damage to tree roots, which may eventually kill the trees.

Prevention:

  • In addition to traps and fencing, gravel buffers can help protect gardens against vole infestation.
  • Remove weeds, heavy mulch, and dense vegetative cover around your home. These environments provide voles food and protection from predators.
  • Mowing, spraying with herbicides or tilling grassy areas adjacent to gardens will help prevent an infestation.

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